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ርደተ ግሥ ዘ ‘ቀተለ”

Aug 02, 2021

 ርእሰ አዕማድ

  • ቀተለ- ሠራሒ/ገቢር፡ሰጋሪ (Active) transitive    

        ቀተለ - He killed/ he has killed

ሠራዊተ አዕማድ

  • አቃተለ- ኣሥራሒ(ሓጋዘ)/ገቢር፡ሰጋሪ (Active) transitive  

          ምስ ካልእ ኮይኑ ቀተለ (ሓገዘ) - He helped someone to kill

  • አቅተለ- ኣሥራሒ/ገቢር፡ሰጋሪ (Active) transitive

          ብኻልእ ገይሩ ቀተለ፡ ኣቕተለ- He caused someone to be killed

  • አስተቃተለ- ኣሠራራሒ/ገቢር፡ሰጋሪ (Active) transitive  

           ነንሕድሕድ ኣቀታተለ- He made others kill each other

  • ተቀትለ- ተሠራሒ/ተገብሮ፡ዘይሰጋሪ (passive) intransitive

             ብኻልእ ተቐትለ- He was killed

  • ተቃተለ- ተሠራራሒ/ተገብሮ፡ዘይሰጋሪ (passive) intransitive 

                ምስ ካልእ ተቓተለ- He killed one another

***

ቀተለ - ኀላፊ ዐንቀጽ - simple past/ present perfect

         ንሱ ቀተለ - He killed/ He has killed

ይቀትል - ህልው ዘወትር/ትንቢት ዐንቀጽ- simple present/ future   

             ይቐትል/ክቐትል እዩ - He kills/ He will kill

ይቅትል - ይቅትል - ዘንድ ዐንቀጽ - subjunctive. In order to/ to+verb     

               ክቐትል ምእንቲ - (He) in order to kill

ይቅትል - ትእዛዝ ዐንቀጽ - imperative (command)

               ይቕተል - Let him kill

ቀቲል-ቀቲሎት - ንኡስ ዐንቀጽ - infinitive/ gerund

                        ምቕታል/ኣቀታትላ - killing/ to kill

ቀቲሎ  - ቦዝ ዐንቀጽ- having + Verb3

               ቀቲሉ - having killed

ቅቱል - ልኡም ቅጽል ናይ ተባዕታይ -Passive Adjective (sing&masc)

            ዝተቐትለ - someone who was killed

ቀታሊ- ንጡፍ ቅጽል ናይ ተባዕታይ- Active Adjective (sing&masc)

             ዝቐትል/ዝቐተለ - killer

ቅቱላን - ልኡም ቅጽል ናይ ተባዕትዮ - Passive Adjective (pl&masc)

              ዝተቐትሉ - persons who were killed

ቀታልያን - ንጡፍ ቅጽል ናይ ተባዕትዮ-Active Adjective (Pl&Masc)

                ዝቐትሉ/ዝቐተሉ - killers

ቅትልት - ልኡም ቅጽል ናይ ኣንስተይቲ -Passive Adjective (sing&Fem)

            እተቐትለት - someone who was killed

ቀታሊት - ንጡፍ ቅጽል ናይ ኣንስተይቲ -Active Adjective (sing&Fem)

                   እትቐትል/ዝቐተለት - killer

ቅቱላት - ልኡም ቅጽል ናይ ኣንስትዮ -Passive Adjective (Pl&Fem)

               ዝተቐትላ - persons who were killed

ቀታልያት - ንጡፍ ቅጽል ናይ ኣንስትዮ -Active Adjective (Pl&Fem)

                   ዝቐትላ/ዝቐተላ- killers

ቀተልት - ኃባራዊ ቅጽል/ስም (መድበል) Collective Adj/noun

                 ዝቐትሉ/ላ- killers

ቅትለት - ረቂቕ ስም (ሰሓቢ ዘርእ) Gerund/Abstract noun

             ምቕታል - killing

ቀትል - ስመ ኁባሬ/ ስመ ጽዋዓ (ዘመድ ዘርእ) - Common/proper noun

            ምቕታል/ ቦታ ቕትለት-killing/ place of killing 

***

ቀተለት -ንሳ ቀተለት- She killed/ She has killed

ትቀትል - ትቐትል/ክትቀትል እያ-She kills/She will kill

ትቅትል - ንሳ ምእንቲ ክትቀትል-(She) in order to kill

ትቅትል - ትቕተል- Let her kill

ቀቲላ -ቀቲላ-having killed

 

ቀተሉ - ንሳቶም ቀተሉ -They killed/ They have killed

ይቀትሉ -ይቐትሉ/ክቐትሉ ምእንቲ -They kill/ They will kill-

ይቅትሉ - ንሳቶም ምእንቲ ክቐትሉ-(They) in order to kill

ይቅትሉ - ይቕተሉ -Let them kill

ቀቲሎሙ -ቀቲሎም- having killed

 

ቀተላ -ንሳተን ቀተላ-They killed/ They have killed

ይቀትላ -ይቐትላ/ክቐትላ እየን -They kill/ They will kill

ይቅትላ -ንሳተን ምእንቲ ክቐትላ-(They) in order to kill

ይቅትላ -ይቕተላ- Let them kill

ቀቲሎን -ቀቲለን- having killed

 

ቀተልከ - ንስኻ ቀተልካ-You killed/ You have killed

ትቀትል -ትቐትል/ክትቀትል ኢኻ- You kill/you will kill

ትቅትል -ንስኻ ምእንቲ ክትቀትል- (you) in order to kill

ቅትል - ቅተል-Let you kill

ቀቲለከ - ቀቲልካ- having killed 

 

ቀተልኪ -ንስኺ ቀተልኪ- You killed/ You have killed

ትቀትሊ-ትቐትሊ/ክትቀትሊ ኢኺ- you kill/ You will kill

ትቅትሊ-ንስኺ ምእንቲ ክትቀትሊ- (you) in order to kill

ቅትሊ-ቅተሊ- Let You kill

ቀቲለኪ- ቀቲልኪ- having killed

 

ቀተልክሙ - ንስኻትኩም ቐተልኩም-You killed/ You have killed

ትቀትሉ- ትቐትሉ/ክትቀትሉ ኢኹም-You kill/ You will kill

ትቅትሉ- ንስኻትኩም ምእንቲ ክትቐትሉ- (You) in order to kill

ቅትሉ- ቅተሉ-Let you kill

ቀቲለክሙ- ቀቲልኩም-having killed

 

ቀተልክን - ንስኻትክን ቀተልክን-You killed/ You have killed 

ትቀትላ -ትቐትላ/ክትቐትላ ኢኽን- You kill/ You will kill

ትቅትላ - ንስኻትክን ምእንቲ ክትቀትላ-(You) in order to kill

ቅትላ-ቅተላ- Let you kill

ቀቲለክን - ቀቲልክን- having killed

 

ቀተልኩ - ኣነ ቀተልኩ-I killed/ I have killed

እቀትል- እቐትል/ክቐትል እየ-I kill/ I will kill

እቅትል- ኣነ ምእንቲ ክቐትል-(I) in order to kill

እቅትል- እቕተል-Let me kill

ቀቲልየ- ቀቲለ-having killed

 

ቀተልነ - ንሕና ቀተልና-We killed/ we have killed

ንቀትል- ንቐትል/ክንቀትል ኢና-We kill/ we will kill

ንቅትል-ንሕና ምእንቲ ክንቀትል-(We) in order to kill

ንቅትል- ንቕተል-Let us kill

ቀቲለነ-ቀቲልና- having killed

 

ወስብሐት ለእግዚአብሔር፡ አሜን!

 

መወከሲ፦ “ቋንቋ ግእዝ ንጀመርቲ (Geez for Beginners) ብመም. ሳሙኤል ዓምደማርያም”