Print this page

HOLY SCRIPTURES (part one)

Sep 04, 2018

All Scriptures are written with the inspiration of the Spirit of God or the breath of God. They are also described as Holy Books containing the word of God (Fiteha Negest Art.2). Illustrating that Holy Books are the breath of God or are written by the inspiration of the Spirit of God; the Apostle St. Paul states in 2 Tim. 3:17 “all Scripture is God – breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness.” Saint Cyril of Alexandria also wrote that “Holy Books are the breath of God” (Faith of Fathers 78:67).  

Hence, all that is written in the Scriptures is the absolute truth. Nothing can be added or deducted from it. It can neither be modified nor changed. It was written by Holy Men guided by the Spirit of God. (2 Pet. 1:2, Mt. 5:18, Lk. 16:17).

It is written that there were times when the Lord either revealed himself, made his voice heard or acted through the one that he willed and commanded “write down these words” (Ex. 34:27; Deut. 31:19; Isa. 8:1).

The Holy Scriptures are one of the two great foundations of the faith and here is what our church holds and teaches concerning it. The word of God is not contained in the Bible alone, it is to be found in tradition as well. The Sacred Scriptures are the written word of God who is the author of the Old and New Testaments containing nothing but perfect truth in faith and morals. But God’s word is not contained only in them, there is an unwritten word of God also, which we call apostolic tradition. We receive the one and other with equal veneration.

The canon of the Eritrean Bible differs both in the Old and New Testament from that of any other churches’ list all books. As a whole, books written in the Geez language and on parchment are numerous. The Eritrean Orthodox Church has 46 books of the Old Testament and 35 books of the New Testament that will bring the total of canonized books of the Bible to 81. These are the following:

A. Old Testament Books

1. Genesis
2. Exodus
3. Leviticus
4. Numbers
5. Deuteronomy
6. Joshua
7. Judges
8. Ruth
9. 1 and 2 Samuel
10. 1 and 2 Kings
11. 1 Chronicles
12. 2 Chronicles
13. Jubilee
14. Enoch
15. Ezra and Nehemiah
16. 2nd Ezra and Ezra Sutuel
17. Tobit
18. Judith
19. Esther
20. 1 Maccabees
21. 2 and 3 Maccabees
22. Job
23. Psalms
24. Proverbs
25. Tegsats (Reproof)
26. Wisdom
27. Ecclesiastes
28. Song of Solomon
29. Sirach
30. Isaias
31. Jeremiah
32. Ezekiel
33. Daniel
34. Hosea
35. Amos
36. Micah
37. Joel
38. Obadiah
39. Jonah
40. Nahum
41. Habakkuk
42. Zephaniah
43. Haggai
44. Zechariah
45. Malachi
46. Joseph Ben Gurion

Total …………………;46

B. Books of the New Testament

1. Matthew
2. Mark
3. Luke
4. John
5. Acts
6. Romans
7. 1 Corinthians
8. 2 Corinthians
9. Galatians
10. Ephesians
11. Philippians
12. Colossians
13. 1 Thessalonians
14. 2 Thessalonians
15. 1 Timothy
16. 2 Timothy
17. Titus
18. Philemon
19. Hebrews
20. 1 Peter
21. 2 Peter
22. 1 John
23. 2 John
24. 3 John
25. James (Jacob)
26. Jude
27. Revelation

   Books of Church Order

28. The order of Zion
29. Commandment (Tizaz)
30. Gitzew
31. Abtils
32. 1 Books of Covenant
33. 2 Books of Covenant
34. Clement
35. Didascalia

Total …………..; 35

1. Books of the Old Testament 46
2. Books of the New Testament 35
                            Grand Total 81

Even though there are variations in the number of Scriptures, the above are the 81 accepted by the Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church and are cited in the inter pretention of the “Fetha Negest”.

.. .. ..